[had + past participle]
You had studied English before you moved to New York.
Had you studied English before you moved to New York?
You had not studied English before you moved to New York.
We use the past perfect to describe an action that happened before another in the past!
a) I arrived in My English Class at 8:00
b) The teacher corrected the homework at 7:40.
When I arrived in my English class the teacher had already corrected the homework.
_____________________________________________________________________________________ MOVIE TIME ACTIVITY ( Borrowed once again from Claudio Azevedo's Blog)
Assessing Simple Past x Past Perfect
Casino Royale: 4’04
Watch the video segment and write ( 1 ) in the parentheses of the action that took place first and ( 2 ) in the parentheses of the action that happened later.
( 1 ) James Bond took a plane to the Bahamas.
( 2 ) He drove across the island to the hotel.
( ) He crouched to tie his shoe string.
( ) He gave his car keys to the bellboy.
( ) Two guys gave Bond their car keys by mistake.
( ) Bond crashed their car in the parking lot.
( ) He threw the car keys away.
( ) He entered the hotel lobby.
( ) He made a reservation at the hotel
( ) He saw the images of the parking lot in the surveillance room.
Now fill in the blanks of the exercise below with the simple past or the past perfect forms of the verbs in parentheses. You may use "already" if it is applicable.
a) When he _____________ (drive) across the island to the hotel, James Bond ___________ (take) a plane to the Bahamas.
b) When Bond _________________ (crouch) to tie his shoe string, he ______________ (give) his car keys to the hotel bellboy.
c) Two guys _____________ (give) Bond their car keys by mistake when he ____________ (crash) their car in the parking lot.
d) Bond _________________ (throw) the keys away when he ______________ (enter) the hotel lobby.
e) When he ____________ (make) a reservation at the hotel he ________________ (see) the images of the parking lot in the surveillance room.